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Perkins Diesel Generator Lubricating Oil Recommendations

Mar. 29, 2018

Selecting the suitable specification of lubricating oil and fuel is very important for a engine. In this article, we still discuss Perkins 4000 Series diesel generator. The content mainly includes lubricating oil recommendations, engine operation, cooling system and fuel specification.

 

LUBRICATING.OIL RECOMMENDATIONS

 

QUANTITY OF OIL

Sump capacity dipstick

4006

4008

Minimum

90.7 litre (20 gal)

127.4 litre (28 gal)

Maximum

113.4 litre (25 gal)

154 litre (34 gal)

 

TYPE OF OIL


The industrial diesel engine should be lubricated with a good quality oil conforming to API CD or CCMC D4 specifications. All the major oil companies formulate oils to the above specifications.

 

VISCOSITY OF OIL (Use oil of)

SAE10W/30

in starting temperatures below -15 (without sump heater)

SAE15W/40

in starting temperatures from -15 in starting temperatures from -15 to 0

SAE30

in starting temperatures from 0 to 32

SAE40

in starting temperatures above 32

 

OIL CHANGE PERIODS


For normal operation of the engine the oil should be changed every 250 hours or annually whichever is the sooner.

Under certain circumstances where a centrifugal oil filter is fitted to the engine and an oil analysis programme has been carried out with the oil supplier over a period of 1000 hours of engine operation, it may be possible to extend the oil change period up to maximum of 350 hours.


To achieve this extended oil change period, a centrifugal oil filter must be fitted and cleaned every 250 hours between routine oil changes, and at every oil change point i.e. 350 hours maximum.


As the oil deteriorates it is essential that the following parameters must not be exceeded at the oil change point:

1. The viscosity of;the oil must not increase by more than 10cSt at 100.

2. The total base number of the oil should not reduce to less than 50% of the value of new oil.

3. The flash point of the oil should exceed 180.

4. The water content of the oil must not exceed l%.

5. The fuel content of the oil must not exceed l%.

6. Oil samples should be taken from the mean sump oil level of the engine.

 

ENGINE OPERATION

 

Excessive periods of idling or repeated cold starts should be avoided, as they will cause excessive dilution of the oil by fuel, requiring. more frequent oil changes and dangerously lowering the flash point of the oil.

Should there be a lubricating oil supply problem, or if the fuel being used contains more than 0.5% sulphur Perkins Engines (Stafford) Limited must be consulted to give advice in selecting a suitable grade.

The following list gives details of some of the oils that meet the required specifications, Note that the brand names may change as oils are upgraded or reformulated.

An up-to-date fist is maintained by Perkins Engines (Stafford) limited of major oil companies products and information, which can be obtained from Pekins Engines (Stafford) Service Department.


Perkins engine


WARNING!! Failure to comply with these instructions will invalidate the warranty offered with the engine, as it may result in engine damage.

WARNING!! Always stop the engine and allow the pressurized system to cool before removing the filler cap. Avoid skin contact with antifreeze by wearing hand protection.

 

 

ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM

 

To protect the engine cooling system against corrosion it is essential that the engine coolant contains suitable additives which will give the necessary protection.

Caution: untreated water is not suitable.


WATER QUALITY


The water that is mixed with the additive must have the following characteristics:

Chloride less than 80 PPMV (parts per million by volume)

Sulphates less than 80 PPMV

Total hardness less than 200 PPMV pH of water between 7 to 7.5 (i.e. neutral to slightly alkaline)

 

ADDITIVES TO WATER


Due to the complexity. of the cooling system it is necessary to use an additive that contains a balanced package .of corrosion inhibitors.

To achieve the required solution a 50/50 mix of Shell Safe Premium anti-freeze with water should be used at all times, even in areas where frost is unlikely.

This mixture will give frost protection down to -35. In areas where Shell anti-freeze is unobtainable contact Perkins Engines (Stafford) Ltd for advice.

Under no circumstances should an additive containing nitrites, borate, phosphates, chromates, nitrates or silicates  be used, as these materials are not compatible with the materials used in the cooling system.

When mixing the anti-freeze with the water always follow the manufacturer's recommendation which is to add the anti-freeze to water and mix thoroughly before adding the mixture to the engine cooling system.

Mixing water to the anti-freeze can lead to the formation of gel in the mixture, due to over concentration, and this can lead to blockage of water passages and subsequent loss of water flow causing overheating.


MAINTENANCE OF COOLANT


The water/anti-freeze mixture should be replaced in operating engines at least once a year.

It is essential to maintain the coolant at the correct alkalinity level i.e. the pH should not increase above 7.5. A hydrometer only shows the proportion of ethylene glycol. This is not a measure of protection against corrosion.

WARNING!! Failure to follow the above recommendations may result in engine damage and will invalidate the engine warranty.


FUEL SPECIFICATION


Fuel should be wholly hydrocarbon oil derived from petroleum, with which small quantities of additives may be incorporated for the improvement of ignition or other characteristics and should conform to British Standard Specification 2869. Ct.ass Al or A2.

If fuels other than the above classes are considered, the operator must consult Perkins Engines (Stafford) Limited, and ensure that a suitable grade of lubricating oil is used.

 

BS2869 REQUIREMENTS FOR ENGINE FUEL


Property

Class A1

Class A2

Viscosity, Kinematic at 40, cSt *



Min.

1.5

1.5

Max.

5.0

5.5

Cetane number, min.

50

45

Carbon residue, Ramsbottom on 10% residue, % (m/m), max.

0.20

0.20

Distillation, recovery at 350, % (V/V), min.

56

56

Water content, % (V/V), max

0.05

0.05

Sediment, % (m/m), max

0.01

0.01

Ash, % (m/m), max

0.01

0.01

Sulphur content, % (m/m), max

0.3++

0.5++

Copper corrosion test, max

1

1

Summer   (March/September inclusive) Northern

-4

-4

Winter   (October/February inclusive) Hemisphere

-15

-12


* cSt = 1 mm 2/s.

++This limit is set in accordance with the legislative requirements for gas oil of the 'Council Directive (75/716/EEC of the European Economic Community) on the approximation of the laws of Member States relating to the sulphur content of certain liquid fuels'.

In countries where this legislation does not apply, it is permissible to run 4000 Series engines on fuels with up to 1.0% sulphur.


ENGINE FUELS


1 The two classes of fuel specified in the table are marketed specifically as oil engine fuels.

Class Al is of higher quality and is intended primarily as an automotive diesel fuel, whilst Class A2 is intended as a general purpose diesel fuel. Classes Al and A2 are distillate grades and are so specified as to prevent the inclusion of residuum.

2 The specifications for Classes Al and A2 include limit for cold filter plugging point chosen to cover seasonal requirements in the United Kingdom.

3 Ignition quality is specified in terms of cetane number, but the calculated cetane index is referred to as an alternative for routine purposes with fuels not containing ignition improver additives.


NOTE: if local supply problems dictate that fuels which fall outside the above specification are to be used, Our Service Department must be consulted prior to use.


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