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Volvo Diesel Engine Measurements

May. 19, 2018


Volvo Diesel Engine Measurements


Checking the preheat relay

Tools:

9990014 Break-out cable

9998699 Break-out box

88890074 Multimeter

NOTICE! If any of the measurements shows an abnormal value, check the wiring to and from the engine control unit and the preheat relay.

Checking the wiring:

1 Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Remove connector B from the EMS2.

3 Connect the B connector to break-out cable 9990014 with break-out box 9998699.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

25 (relay activation) - one of the preheat

connectors

R ≈ 0 Ω

57 (relay +) - one of the preheat

connectors

R ≈ 0 Ω

60 (relay +) - one of the preheat

connectors

R ≈ 0 Ω

 

Checking supply cable, fuel sensor


p0013473.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 for voltage measurement.

5 Turn ignition on.

 

 

Checking negative cable, fuel sensor


P0010786.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement against the engine control unit.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

4 – Battery negative

R ≈ 0 Ω

 

 

Checking signal cable, fuel sensor

Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

• Disconnect the connector from the sensor

• Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

• Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement against the engine control unit.

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

4–2

R≈ 80-120 kΩ

 

 

NOTICE! Measurement is done to eliminate short circuiting or breaks in the cable to the engine control unit.


Checking fuel pressure sensor


p0010784.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 between the sensor and the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 for voltage measurement.

5 Turn ignition on.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

4–2

U ≈ 0,5 V*

 

* At normal atmospheric pressure.

 

 

Checking supply cable, water in fuel switch

Tools:

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Disconnect the connector from the switch.

3 Use multimeter 88890074 to do a voltage measurement.

4 NOTICE! Turn ignition on.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

Yellow conductor –

Black conductor

U ≈ Battery voltage x 0.8

 

Checking negative cable, water in fuel switch

Tools:

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector from the switch.

3 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement against the engine control unit.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

Black conductor –

Battery negative

R ≈ 0 Ω

 

Checking water in fuel switch


P0010785.jpg


Tools:

9990014 Break-out cable

9998699 Break-out box

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector to the water in fuel switch.

3 Remove the water in fuel switch.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 to do a resistance measurement towards the switch.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

1-2, Switch immersed in water

R ≈ 0 Ω

1-2, Switch immersed in fuel

R ≈ ∞ Ω

 

Checking supply cable, oil pressure sensor


P0010787.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

NOTICE! If any of the measurements shows an abnormal value, check the wiring to and from the engine interface.

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Remove the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 between the sensor and the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 for voltage measurement.

5 NOTICE! Turn ignition on.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

1–3

U ≈ 5 V

 

 

Checking negative cable, oil pressure sensor


P0010788.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement against the engine control unit.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

3 – Battery negative

R ≈ 0 Ω

 

 

Checking signal cable, oil pressure sensor


P0015362.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement against the engine control unit.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

2–3

R ≈ 80 – 120 kΩ

 

NOTICE! Measurement is done to eliminate short circuiting or breaks in the cable to the engine control unit.

 

Checking oil pressure sensor


P0015363.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 between the sensor and the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 for voltage measurement.

5 Turn ignition on.

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

2–3

U ≈ 0.5 V*

 

 

* At normal atmospheric pressure.

 

Checking signal cable, inlet manifold temperature sensor


P0015365.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

NOTICE! If any of the measurements shows an abnormal value, check the wiring to and from the engine interface.

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 for voltage measurement.

5 Turn ignition on.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

1–2

U ≈ 5 V

 

Checking negative cable, inlet manifold pressure/temperature sensor


P0015364.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement against the engine control unit.

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

1 – Battery negative

R ≈ 0 Ω

 

Checking sensor cable, inlet manifold temperature sensor


Checking sensor cable.jpg


P0015366.jpg



Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

Check for open circuit or short circuit:

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Disconnect the connector from the sensor.

3 Connect break-out cable 885675 to the cable harness connector to the engine control unit.

4 Remove connector A from the engine control unit.

5 Use multimeter 88890074 to do a resistance measurement against the engine control unit connector A.

 

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

2 (885675)– 47 (EMS 2, conn.A)

R ≈ 0 Ω

2 (885675) – 11 (EMS 2, conn.A)

R ≈ ∞ Ω

1 (885675) – 47 (EMS 2, conn.A)

R ≈ ∞ Ω

1 (885675) – 11 (EMS 2, conn.A)

R ≈ 0 Ω

 

 

NOTICE! Measurement is done to eliminate short circuiting or breaks in the cable to the engine control unit.

 

 

Checking inlet manifold temperature sensor


P0013486.jpg


Tools:

885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Cut the current with the main switch.

2 Connect break-out cable (885675) to the sensor. Do not connect the other end of the adapter cable.

3 Use multimeter 88890074 to do resistance measurement.

 

Measurement points

Nominal value

1–2

R ≈ 9426 Ω

+/- 470 Ω (vid -10° C)

1–2

R ≈ 5896 Ω

+/- 332 Ω (vid 0° C)

1–2

R ≈ 2511 Ω

+/- 109 Ω (vid 20° C)

1–2

R ≈ 1200 Ω

+/- 47 Ω (vid 40° C)

1–2

R ≈ 612 Ω

+/- 22 Ω (vid 60° C)

1–2

R ≈ 329 Ω

+/- 11 Ω (vid 80° C)

1–2

R ≈ 186 Ω

+/- 5 Ω (vid 100° C)

1–2

R ≈ 110 Ω

 

 

Checking supply cable, inlet manifold pressure sensor

Tools:


P0013487.jpg


885675 Break-out cable

88890074 Multimeter

1 NOTICE! Turn ignition off.

2 Remove the connector from the sensor. Connect break-out cable 885675 between the sensor and engine control unit.

3 Use multimeter 88890074 for voltage measurement.

4 Turn ignition on.

 


Measurement points

Nominal value

1–3

U ≈ 5 V

 

For More Volvo Engine workshop information, please visit


Fault Codes Information of Volvo Engine

Volvo Engine Control Unit Fault Codes



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