Home Products News Contact Us
Home > Supports > Diesel Engine

Shangchai W Series Engine Troubleshooting Guidelines IV

Dec. 14, 2017

This is the part four of Shangchai W Series Engine Troubleshooting Guidelines. At the previous parts, we have learn fault mode from No 1 to No 10 which includes the corrections for engine will not start, engine power output low, abnormal noise and vibration, smoke, oil pressure and so on. In the part four here, we will learn new troubleshooting information about Shangchai W series engine, such as electrical system fault, fuel injection pump fault and governor fault.

No. 11 Electrical System Fault

 

 

Fault feature

 

 

Possible cause

 

correction

 

Starting motor does not work.

 

 

(1) Poor contact of the connecting wires.

 

(2) Poor contact of electromagnetic switch.

 

(3) Poor contact of the electric brush.

 

(4) Short-circuit of the starting motor.

 

(5) Poor electric charging or the capacity of battery too small.

 

 

Clean and tighten the terminals or joints.

 

Check the switch contactor and grind it by sandpaper.

 

Clean the surface of the reverser or replace the electric brush.

 

Locate and fix the short-circuit issue.

 

Replace the starting motor if required.

 

Charge the battery, or add more batteries with parallel connection.

 

Replace the battery if required.

 

 

 

The starting motor rotates but no engine starting takes places.

 

 

(1) Poor contact of the electric brush or terminal or sealing off.

 

(2) Wear of the bearing sleeve.

 

(3) Partial short-circiut of magnetic field winding or electric field winding.

 

(4) Poor contact of the electromagnetic switch.

 

(5) Poor electric charging or the capacity of battery too small, and a big drop of starting motor circuit voltage.

 

 

Clean the surface and wold firm.

 

Make replacement if necessary.

 

Replace the bearing sleeve.

 

Locate the short-circuit and fix it out.

 

Check the switch contact and grind it by sandpaper.

 

Charge the battery and replace it if needed. Increase the wire cross section or decrease the wire length.

 

 

The starting motor gear collides with flywheel ring gear or the gear of the starting motor cannot set back.

 

 

(1) The center of the starting motor is not parallel with that of flywheel ring gear.

 

(2) The switch contact of elector-magnetic switch fused together.

 

 

Install the starting motor again to make the two centers parallel.

 

Check the switch contact and grind it by sandpaper.

 

 

The starting motor keeps running when the starting button is released.

 

 

(1) The electric key or button cannot reset.

 

(2) The dynamic contactor of the electromagnetic switch is fused with the connecting screw.

 

(3) Start-up relay is fused firmly.

 

 

Regulate it again.

 

Repair

 

 

 

 

 

Regulate it again.

 

 

 

 

Alternator cannot charge.

 

 

(1) The alternator belt is loose.

 

(2) Poor terminal contact of the alternator or/and battery.

 

(3) Rotor failure (magnetic coil).

 

 

Adjust the belt to a proper tension.

 

Clean or tighten all terminals and connects of the alternator and battery, and replace wires and terminals and joints if required.

 

Change the rotor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Too low alternator voltage or abnormal alternator charge.

 

 

(1) the drive belt is loosen.

 

(2) Poor terminal contact of the alternator or/and battery.

 

(3) The voltage regulator of the alternator is damaged.

 

(4) Rotor failure (magnetic coil)

 

(5) Burn of the rectifier diode.

 

 

 

 

Adjust the belt to a proper tension.

 

Clean and tighten all the terminals and connects of the alternator and battery.

 

Replace wires and terminals if required.

 

Replace the voltage regulator.

 

Replace the rotor.

 

Replace the rectifier diode.

 

 

Too big voltage of the alternator.

 

 

(1) Poor contact of the connector f the alternator or its voltage regulator.

 

(2) Fault of the alternator voltage regulator.

 

 

Tighten the all connectors.

 

Change the regulator.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abnormal noise from the alternator.

 

 

(1) Abrasion or damage of the drive belt.

 

(2) The drive belt is loose.

 

(3) The centers of the drive belt and pulleys are not in alignment.

 

(4) Wear of the bushing.

 

(5) The armature or rotor bent.

 

(6) The alternator rectifier circuit is short.

 

 

Change the belt.

 

 

Adjust the belt to a proper tension.

 

Adjust and make them in alignment.

 

Change the alternator.

 

Change the alternator.

 

 

Change the alternator.

 


No. 12 Fuel Injection Pump Fault

 

 

Fault features

 

 

Possible cause

 

Correction

 

Fuel injection pump does not supply fuel.

 

 

(1) No fuel in the fuel tank.

 

(2) There is air in the fuel system.

 

(3) Block of the fuel filter or fuel pipes.

 

(4) Failure of the fuel transfer pump.

 

(5) Seizure of the plunger and barrel.

 

(6) Poor seal at the fuel delivery valve seat(s).

 

 

Add fuel in time.

 

Prime the fuel system, refer to Section 5.3 for the procedure.

 

Replace filter element and clean the low pressure fuel pipeline.

 

Replace the fuel transfer pump.

 

Let a professional serviceman check and repair the plunger and barrel assembly(s), and make replacement if necessary.

 

Let a professional serviceman check and repair the fuel delivery valve seat(s), and make replacement if necessary.

 

 

Uneven fuel supply.

 

 

(1) There is air in the fuel pipeline, resulting in intermittent fuel supply.

 

(2) Break of the delivery valve spring(s).

 

(3) Wear of the delivery valve-seat(s).

 

(4) Impurity leads to the seizure of plunger.

 

(5) Fuel inlet pressure too small.

 

 

priming the fuel system and refer to Section 5.3 for the procedure.

 

Replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let a professional serviceman clean the plunger and barrel assembly(s) and make replacement if necessary.

 

Check the strainer of the inlet connector in the fuel transfer pump and the fuel filter for block. Clean and replace them if necessary. And maintain them according to the maintenance plan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insufficient fuel supply.

 

 

(1) Fuel leak at the delivery valve assembly(s)

 

(2) Block of fuel strainer on the fuel transfer pump or block of fuel filter.

 

(3) Wear of plunger and barrel assembly.

 

 

 

Let a professional serviceman check the delivery valve assembly(s), and replace the assembly(s) when required.

 

Clean the strainer, replace the fuel filter.

 

Let a professional serviceman replace the plunger and barrel assembly(s).

 

 

No. 13 Governor Fault

 

 

Fault feature

 

 

Possible cause

 

Correction

 

 

Instability of engine speed (engine hunting)

 

 

(1) Non-even fuel supply of each cylinder.

 

(2) Carton deposit and fuel dripping at fuel nozzle.

 

(3) Lose connecting pin of the rack.

 

(4) The camshaft endplay is too large.

 

(5) Lose flying-weight pin due to wear.

 

(6) The clearance between the control rack and the control gear is too large of there is burr between them.

 

(7) The control rack or accelerator lever does not move freely.

 

(8) There is air in the fuel system.

 

(9) The flyweight or flyweight seat does not open freely.

 

(10) Low speed is not set properly.

 

 

Let professional serviceman readjust the supply flow of each cylinder.

 

Let professional serviceman clean and repair the nozzle assembly(s), or replace the nozzle assembly(s).

 

Let professional serviceman repair it, or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman regulate it, or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it, or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it, or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it, or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it, or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Prime the fuel system. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman adjust it.

 

 

The engine cannot reach rated speed.

 

 

(1) Permanent deformation of the governor spring.

 

(2) Not enough fuel supply from the fuel injection pump.

 

(3) The operation handle does not reach the max, speed position.

 

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or the fuel injection pump.

 

Refer to fuel injection pump fault for troubleshooting.

 

Let professional serviceman check and adjust the operation handle.

 

 

 

The engine cannot reach idle speed.

 

 

(1) The operation handle does not reach the idle speed position.

 

(2) Slight seizure of the rack and ring gear.

 

(3) The low-speed setting is not proper.

 

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman adjust it.

 

 

The governor does not work and speed exceeds 110% of the rated speed (usually called flying away)

 

 

(1) Speed is too high.

 

(2) Deadlock of control rack or accelerator lever.

 

(3) Dropout of the pin connecting the rack and drag link.

 

(4) Dropout of the accelerator lever screw.

 

(5) Break of speed governing spring.

 

 

Make emergency stop at once by cutting off fuel supply or air supply. Let professional serviceman check and repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump if necessary.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

Let professional serviceman repair it. Or replace the fuel injection pump.

 

 

 

 For more troubleshooting guielines information, please visit:


Shangchai W Series Engine Troubleshooting Guidelines

Shangchai W Series Engine Troubleshooting Guidelines II

Shangchai W Series Engine Troubleshooting Guidelines III


 

 


Contact Us
  • Adds: No.2 Xingguang Road, Guxi Industrial Park, Taixing, Jiangsu, China.
  • Tel: +86 771 5805 269
  • FAX: +86 771 5805 259
  • Cellphone: +86 134 8102 4441
                    +86 138 7819 8542
  • E-mail: sales@dieselgeneratortech.com
Follow Us

Copyright © Jiangsu Starlight Electricity Equipments Co., Ltd.All Rights Reserved | Sitemap

Contact Us